Dr Maluleke obtained the degrees BAdmin (Business Economics), BAdminHons (Transport Economics) and BAdminHons (Business Economics) from Unisa. He also obtained an MCom (Business Management) qualification from the former Rand Afrikaans University and a DCom (Transport Economics) from Unisa. Dr Maluleke invested 27 years of his professional working life at Transnet, with particular focus on customer service and train operations of the then South African Railways and Harbours. He started his career as a ticket examiner in 1971, after which he completed a range of training programmes and received tertiary education qualifications, which secured his appointment as manager of research and development in 1991.
The expertise that he acquired and applied revolves around the determination of different types of tariffs in the transportation of both freight and passengers. He conducted exploratory research studies focused on the revitalisation of new rail services, as well as intermodal facilities around Gauteng and Limpopo Province. His research recommendations led to the rescheduling of new rail services from Gauteng to Polokwane. In 1998 he resigned from Transnet and co-founded Khuthele Projects, for which he served as director. Based on his extensive hands-on practical experience in train operations within and outside of the centralised traffic control area, coupled with the logistics management expertise that he acquired at the then Rand Afrikaans University, he executed various research and consulting projects for the public and private sectors. In 2002 he was appointed senior lecturer in transport economics at Unisa. Dr Maluleke is a member of various vocational and professional societies and serves on the executive board of the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport South Africa. He has made many contributions in the field of logistics and supply chain management as consultant, practitioner and educator.